In Systema Naturaehe labeled five  " varieties "   of human species.
Cuvier wrote about Caucasians: Monogenism contends that all races have a single origin, while polygenism is the idea that each race has a separate origin. White was a believer in polygenythe idea that different races had been created separately.
He thought Chileans were a mix of two martial races: According to Morton's theory of polygenesis, races have been separate since the start.
In he voiced his opposition to the institution of slavery in America by writing to Secretary of State, Thomas Jefferson. Banneker concludes with an allusion to Job from the bible. Banneker opens his letter with a paragraph comprised of just one periodic sentence that concludes with a strong appeal to emotion.
But never yet could I find that a black had uttered a thought above the level of plain narration; never see even an elementary trait, of painting or sculpture. Meiner studied the physical, mental and moral characteristics of each race, and built a race hierarchy based on his findings.
This they had to do in order to make up for the parsimony of nature, and out of it all came their high civilization. He considered ugly races to be inferior, immoral and animal-like. Job is a humble man whose life is destroyed by a trail of tragic events.
In fact, he personally owned and sold upwards of slaves. Moreover, he noted that savage races risked extinction more from white European colonialismthan from evolutionary inadequacy.
KennedyLinneus certainly considered his own culture better, but his motives for classification of human varieties were not race-centered. Writers of the American Revolution: His works were praised by many white supremacist American pro-slavery thinkers such as Josiah C.
Strickland Constable shows an alleged similarity between "Irish Iberian" and "Negro" features in contrast to the higher "Anglo-Teutonic" The scientific classification established by Carl Linnaeus is requisite to any human racial classification scheme.
He appeals to logos by quoting exact phrases from reliable sources, including Jefferson's own words in the Declaration of Independence i.
Argumentative Rhetorical Analysis: He hopes that Jefferson will read this and remember how Job suffered. In subsequent editions of almanacs Banneker produced in later years, he opted to reprint his letter to Jefferson. Cuvier believed there were three distinct races: Their griefs are transient.
He was merely noting what appeared to him to be factual, based in no small part on the evidence of a European binge of imperialism and colonial conquest during his lifetime".
There is, however, no doubt that the various races, when carefully compared and measured, differ much from each other,—as in the texture of the hair, the relative proportions of all parts of the body, the capacity of the lungs, the form and capacity of the skull, and even in the convolutions of the brain.
They seem to require less sleep. He also claimed that Negroes had very similar brains to apes and that Negroes have a shortened big toe, which is a characteristic connecting Negroes closely to apes.
Inhe drafted a law in Virginia that prohibited the future importation of enslaved Africans, and in he proposed a law that would ban slavery in the growing territories of the Northwest. He said they could not adapt to different climates, types of food, or modes of life, and that when exposed to such new conditions, they lapse into a "deadly melancholy".
By quoting the Declaration of Independence, it proves to Jefferson that it is was wrong for him to turn a blind eye to the cruelty of slavery while simultaneously basing the need for freedom from the British on the principle of natural rights for all.
He adopts an argumentative and passionate tone for his primary audience, Thomas Jefferson, and his secondary audience, George Washington and the other governmental leaders. Banneker's main purpose for writing this letter to Thomas Jefferson was to bring to light the adversity and trials of the slave community by juxtaposing the similar hardships faced by the audience he was attempting to appeal to, Thomas Jefferson, using: Theories of Robert Hooke and Isaac Newton about color and light via optical dispersion in physics were also extended by Robert Boyle into discourses of polygenesis speculating that maybe these differences were due to "seminal impressions".
Their mental characteristics are likewise very distinct; chiefly as it would appear in their emotional, but partly in their intellectual, faculties. Rhetorical Analysis Abraham Lincoln’s “Second Inaugural Address” and Emily Dickinson’s “Success is Counted Sweet,” are two inspirational pieces of art that fall under two different types of discourses.
The “Second Inaugural Address,” is a great example and definition of what Rhetoric is. May 15, · Benjamin Banneker Rhetorical Analysis In his sentimental, yet candid letter, Banneker reminds the reader of their past with the British Crown and his oppression in order to relate the reader to the struggles faced by a hopeless slave.
Banneker’s accomplishments and the well-known exchange of letters between Banneker and TJ are described in Silvio A.
Bedini, The Life of Benjamin Banneker (New York, ); see also Winthrop D.
Jordan, White over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, – (Chapel Hill, N.C., ). Benjamin Banneker was brought up by two former slaves on a farm and was always surrounded by slavery. Benjamin Banneker went on to becoming an astronomer, mathematician, surveyor as well as an author. Even though Banneker’s family wasn’t the wealthiest he still went on to prospering in his many professions.
Once Benjamin grew up and [ ]. Banneker Essay In a letter written to Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Banneker addresses how he views slavery. He has many arguments and even uses Jefferson’s own words against him to inform him that he is, in fact, hypocritical.
Rhetorical Analysis Benjamin Banneker was brought up by two former slaves on a farm and was always surrounded by slavery. Benjamin Banneker went on to becoming an astronomer, mathematician, surveyor as well as an author.Benjamin banneker rhetorical analysis