Writing appeals

In academic writing, ethos and logos are given more respect than pathos. Point out any ways in which you were treated differently from other individuals disciplined for similar incidents.

How to Write an Effective Appeal Letter

Meeting appeal deadlines is absolutely critical, or your appeal can be dismissed outright. Instead, you must evaluate how the audience is likely to perceive the rhetor. Mistakes to avoid The emotions we're talking about here are emotions that might be felt by the audience, not emotions felt by the rhetor.

Although it may be difficult, be sure to keep your tone and emotions in check to show that you can present an objective viewpoint.

Writing a successful SAP appeal

The rhetor attempts to persuade the audience by the use of arguments that they will perceive as logical. Cause or consequence A claim about one thing causing another, or one thing being caused by another.

Here are a few common strategies: Whether you are writing to appeal a grade, dismissal from a program, denial of a refund, job termination or other injustice, the format for writing an appeal letter is similar.


Sometimes you have a very specific idea of who the audience is, but sometimes you just have a very general idea. In the second presidentail debate ofSenator Barack Obama argued that the United States should maintain good relations with other nations in order to make the best use of our own military resources in a time of economic constraint.

When the rhetor is known by the audience to be experienced and an expert on the topic, their extrinsic ethos is strong. Ethos The use of ethos is called an "ethical appeal. It is not your job to decide if you are persuaded by the rhetor.

If you believe this was a mistake, state the correct information that may make all the difference in whether the claim will be approved or denied.


Be Factual and Specific: Documentation is also important if you later decide to pursue legal action. After submitting your letter, follow up to make sure it was received and calmly ask when you can expect a response.

Examples of Ethos, Logos, and Pathos

Marriage is a union between a man and a woman. Think about the different emotions people are capable of feeling: I heard that that street is far more dangerous and ominous at night than during the daytime. Global warming is caused by greenhouse gases being produced by humankind.

Often, however, there is some element of each. See this entry at Snopes. Do not share negative personal opinions of individuals who made the decision you are appealing. They are means of persuading others to believe a particular point of view.

So if that college English professor above mentions having played basketball in high school and convinces the audience that she or he was pretty good, then not only does that fact strengthen the rhetor's ethos, it also makes a pathetic appeal.

An observer--such as yourself--would consider the rhetor, the audience, and the rhetoric that is being used by the rhetor in an attempt to persuade the audience. Carefully proofread your letter and correct any mistakes. Writing an appeal letter for medical claims is important because it lets the insurance company know that you don’t agree with the decisions they have handed down.

It also serves as a rebuttal as to why you believe that they should cover the procedure or charges. Writing a concise and factual appeal letter, like the ones in our appeal letter samples, is often the first step to getting any unjust work situation resolved.

Writing a successful SAP appeal

The next step is making sure your appeal gets into the right hands with the proper follow-up. We call these three elements rhetorical appeals. It's not necessary for every act of persuasion to make use of all three appeals. Often, however, there is some element of each. In academic writing, ethos and logos are given more respect than pathos.

Examples of Ethos, Logos, and Pathos By YourDictionary Aristotle’s "modes for persuasion" – otherwise known as rhetorical appeals – are known by the names of ethos, pathos, and logos. Using rhetorical appeals in persuasive writing increases a writer’s chances of achieving his or her purpose.

Any rhetorical purpose must be connected to an audience, and rhetorical appeals have been proven to successfully reach and persuade audiences. Your explanation of logos includes definition, so teaching the appeals this way would allow me to incorporate a short discussion and writing exercise/group activity on definition.

I can stay focused on argument while also touching on definition, analogy, cause & effect, etc.

Writing appeals
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Dr. Williams : USC Upstate : English Program / Ethos-Pathos-Logos-TheRhetorical-Appeals